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Version: 1.2.x

String Functions

String Functions

These functions can be used when working with and manipulating text and string values.

FunctionDescription
string::concat()Concatenates strings together
string::contains()Check whether a string contains another string
string::endsWith()Checks whether a string ends with another string
string::join()Joins strings together with a delimiter
string::len()Returns the length of a string
string::lowercase()Converts a string to lowercase
string::repeat()Repeats a string a number of times
string::replace()Replaces an occurrence of a string with another string
string::reverse()Reverses a string
string::slice()Extracts and returns a section of a string
string::slug()Converts a string into human and URL-friendly string
string::split()Divides a string into an ordered list of substrings
string::startsWith()Checks whether a string starts with another string
string::trim()Removes whitespace from the start and end of a string
string::uppercase()Converts a string to uppercase
string::words()Splits a string into an array of separate words
string::is::alphanum()Checks whether a value has only alphanumeric characters
string::is::alpha()Checks whether a value has only alpha characters
string::is::ascii()Checks whether a value has only ascii characters
string::is::datetime()Checks whether a string representation of a date and time matches a specified format
string::is::domain()Checks whether a value is a domain
string::is::email()Checks whether a value is an email
string::is::hexadecimal()Checks whether a value is hexadecimal
string::is::latitude()Checks whether a value is a latitude value
string::is::longitude()Checks whether a value is a longitude value
string::is::numeric()Checks whether a value has only numeric characters
string::is::semver()Checks whether a value matches a semver version
string::is::url()Checks whether a value is a valid URL
string::is::uuid()Checks whether a value is a UUID
string::semver::compare()Performs a comparison between two semver strings
string::semver::major()Extract the major version from a semver string
string::semver::minor()Extract the minor version from a semver string
string::semver::patch()Extract the patch version from a semver string
string::semver::inc::major()Increment the major version of a semver string
string::semver::inc::minor()Increment the minor version of a semver string
string::semver::inc::patch()Increment the patch version of a semver string
string::semver::set::major()Set the major version of a semver string
string::semver::set::minor()Set the minor version of a semver string
string::semver::set::patch()Set the patch version of a semver string

string::concat

The string::concat function concatenates strings together.

API DEFINITION
string::concat(string...) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::concat('this', ' ', 'is', ' ', 'a', ' ', 'test');

"this is a test"

string::contains

The string::contains function checks whether a string contains another string.

API DEFINITION
string::contains(string, string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::contains('abcdefg', 'cde');

true

string::endsWith

The string::endsWith function checks whether a string ends with another string.

API DEFINITION
string::endsWith(string, string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::endsWith('some test', 'test');

true

string::join

The string::join function joins strings together with a delimiter.

API DEFINITION
string::join(string, string...) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::join(', ', 'a', 'list', 'of', 'items');

"a, list, of, items"

string::len

The string::len function returns the length of a given string.

API DEFINITION
string::len(string) -> number

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::len('this is a test');

14

string::lowercase

The string::lowercase function converts a string to lowercase.

API DEFINITION
string::lowercase(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::lowercase('THIS IS A TEST');

"this is a test"

string::repeat

The string::repeat function repeats a string a number of times.

API DEFINITION
string::repeat(string, number) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::repeat('test', 3);

"testtesttest"

string::replace

The string::replace function replaces an occurrence of a string with another string.

API DEFINITION
string::replace(string, string, string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::replace('this is a test', 'a test', 'awesome');

"this is awesome"

string::reverse

The string::reverse function reverses a string.

API DEFINITION
string::reverse(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::reverse('this is a test');

"tset a si siht"

string::slice

The string::slice function extracts and returns a section of a string.

API DEFINITION
string::slice(string, number, number) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::slice('this is a test', 10, 4);

"test"

string::slug

The string::slug function converts a string into a human and URL-friendly string.

API DEFINITION
string::slug(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::slug('SurrealDB has launched #database #awesome');

"surrealdb-has-launched-database-awesome"

string::split

The string::split function splits a string by a given delimiter.

API DEFINITION
string::split(string, string) -> array

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::split('this, is, a, list', ', ');

["this", "is", "a", "list"]

string::startsWith

The string::startsWith function checks whether a string starts with another string.

API DEFINITION
string::startsWith(string, string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::startsWith('some test', 'some');

true

string::trim

The string::trim function removes whitespace from the start and end of a string.

API DEFINITION
string::trim(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::trim('    this is a test    ');

"this is a test"

string::uppercase

The string::uppercase function converts a string to uppercase.

API DEFINITION
string::uppercase(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::uppercase('this is a test');

"THIS IS A TEST"

string::words

The string::words function splits a string into an array of separate words.

API DEFINITION
string::words(string) -> array

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::words('this is a test');

["this", "is", "a", "test"]

string::is::alphanum

The string::is::alphanum function checks whether a value has only alphanumeric characters.

API DEFINITION
string::is::alphanum(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::alphanum("ABC123");

true

string::is::alpha

The string::is::alpha function checks whether a value has only alpha characters.

API DEFINITION
string::is::alpha(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::alpha("ABCDEF");

true

string::is::ascii

The string::is::ascii function checks whether a value has only ascii characters.

API DEFINITION
string::is::ascii(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::ascii("ABC123");

true

string::is::datetime

The string::is::datetime function checks whether a string representation of a date and time matches a specified format.

API DEFINITION
string::is::datetime(string, string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::datetime("2015-09-05 23:56:04", "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S");

true

View all format options


string::is::domain

The string::is::domain function checks whether a value is a domain.

API DEFINITION
string::is::domain(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::domain("surrealdb.com");

true

string::is::email

The string::is::email function checks whether a value is an email.

API DEFINITION
string::is::email(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::email("info@surrealdb.com");

true

string::is::hexadecimal

The string::is::hexadecimal function checks whether a value is hexadecimal.

API DEFINITION
string::is::hexadecimal(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::hexadecimal("ff009e");

true

string::is::latitude

The string::is::latitude function checks whether a value is a latitude value.

API DEFINITION
string::is::latitude(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::latitude("-0.118092");

true

string::is::longitude

The string::is::longitude function checks whether a value is a longitude value.

API DEFINITION
string::is::longitude(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::longitude("51.509865");

true

string::is::numeric

The string::is::numericfunction checks whether a value has only numeric characters.

API DEFINITION
string::is::numeric(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::numeric("1484091748");

true

string::is::semver

The string::is::semver function checks whether a value matches a semver version.

API DEFINITION
string::is::semver(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::semver("1.0.0");

true

string::is::url

The string::is::url function checks whether a value is a valid URL.

API DEFINITION
string::is::url(string) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::url("https://surrealdb.com");

true

string::is::uuid

The string::is::uuid function checks whether a value is a UUID.

API DEFINITION
string::is::uuid(any) -> bool

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::is::uuid("018a6680-bef9-701b-9025-e1754f296a0f");

true

string::semver::compare

The string::semver::compare function performs a comparison on two semver strings and returns a number. A value of -1 indicates the first version is lower than the second, 0 indicates both versions are equal, and 1 indicates the first version is higher than the second.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::compare(string, string) -> number

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::compare("1.0.0", "1.3.5");

-1

string::semver::major

The string::semver::major function extracts the major number out of a semver string.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::major(string) -> number

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::major("3.2.6");

3

string::semver::minor

The string::semver::minor function extracts the minor number out of a semver string.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::minor(string) -> number

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::minor("3.2.6");

2

string::semver::patch

The string::semver::patch function extracts the patch number out of a semver string.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::patch(string) -> number

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::patch("3.2.6");

6

string::semver::inc::major

The string::semver::inc::major function increments the major number of a semver string. As a result, the minor and patch numbers are reset to zero.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::inc::major(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::inc::major("1.2.3");

"2.0.0"

string::semver::inc::minor

The string::semver::inc::minor function increments the minor number of a semver string. As a result, the patch number is reset to zero.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::inc::minor(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::inc::minor("1.2.3");

"1.3.0"

string::semver::inc::patch

The string::semver::inc::patch function increments the patch number of a semver string.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::inc::patch(string) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::inc::patch("1.2.3");

"1.2.4"

string::semver::set::major

The string::semver::set::major function sets the major number of a semver string without changing the minor and patch numbers.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::set::major(string, number) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::set::major("1.2.3", 9);

"9.2.3"

string::semver::set::minor

The string::semver::set::minor function sets the minor number of a semver string without changing the major and patch numbers.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::set::minor(string, number) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::set::minor("1.2.3", 9);

"1.9.3"

string::semver::set::patch

The string::semver::set::patch function sets the patch number of a semver string without changing the major and minor numbers.

API DEFINITION
string::semver::set::patch(string, number) -> string

The following example shows this function, and its output, when used in a RETURN statement:

RETURN string::semver::set::patch("1.2.3", 9);

"1.2.9"