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Version: 1.x

Run with Docker

Use this tutorial to run SurrealDB from within Docker.

Running the SurrealDB server using Docker

To get started using Docker, you can use the latest tag. To start a server use the start command. By default SurrealDB runs on port 8000. To view all the available versions and tags, or to use a specific tag visit the Docker Hub page.

docker run --rm --pull always -p 8000:8000 surrealdb/surrealdb:latest start

In order to persist data when the Docker instance is restarted or shutdown, specify a Docker folder using the Docker -v command line argument, and use the on-disk storage engine in SurrealDB using the path prefix chosen as a Docker folder.

mkdir mydata # Create a directory to store the database, owned by the current user
docker run --rm --pull always -p 8000:8000 --user $(id -u) -v $(pwd)/mydata:/mydata surrealdb/surrealdb:latest start file:/mydata/mydatabase.db

The default logging level for the database server is info, resulting in any informational logs to be output to the standard output. To control the logging verbosity, specify the --log argument. The following command starts the database with trace level logging, resulting in most logs being output to the terminal.

mkdir mydata # Create a directory to store the database, owned by the current user
docker run --rm --pull always -p 8000:8000 --user $(id -u) -v $(pwd)/mydata:/mydata surrealdb/surrealdb:latest start --log trace file:/mydata/mydatabase.db

Enabling authentication

In order to keep SurrealDB secure, configure your initial root-level user by setting the --user and --pass command-line arguments. To enable authentication, use the --auth command-line argument.

The following command starts the database with a top-level user named root with a password also set to root. The root user will be persisted in storage, which means you don't have to include the command line arguments next time you start SurrealDB.

docker run --rm --pull always -p 80:8000 -v /mydata:/mydata surrealdb/surrealdb:latest start --log trace --auth --user root --pass root file:mydatabase.db

In order to change the default port that SurrealDB uses for web connections and from database clients you can use the Docker -p command line argument to tunnel the port to the internal SurrealDB port which SurrealDB is served on. The following command starts the database on port 80.

docker run --rm --pull always -p 80:8000 -v /mydata:/mydata surrealdb/surrealdb:latest start --log trace --user root --pass root file:/mydata/mydatabase.db

After running the above command, you should see the SurrealDB server startup successfully.

docker run --rm --pull always -p 80:8000 -v /local-dir:/container-dir surrealdb/surrealdb:latest start --auth --user root --pass root file:/container-dir/mydatabase.db

2023-08-30T15:06:34.788739Z INFO surreal::dbs: ✅🔒 Authentication is enabled 🔒✅
2023-08-30T15:06:34.788821Z INFO surrealdb::kvs::ds: Starting kvs store in file:/container-dir/mydatabase.db
2023-08-30T15:06:34.788859Z INFO surrealdb::kvs::ds: Started kvs store in file:/container-dir/mydatabase.db
2023-08-30T15:06:34.789222Z INFO surrealdb::kvs::ds: Initial credentials were provided and no existing root-level users were found: create the initial user 'root'.
2023-08-30T15:06:35.205123Z INFO surrealdb::node: Started node agent
2023-08-30T15:06:35.205827Z INFO surrealdb::net: Started web server on 0.0.0.0:8080

For details on the start command, and all of the available configuration options and arguments, view the start command documentation.

Using the command-line tools within Docker

The Docker container contains both the server, and the command line tools for importing, exporting, and querying a remote SurrealDB server.

docker run --rm --pull always surrealdb/surrealdb:latest help

The result should look similar to the output below, confirming that the SurrealDB command-line tool was installed successfully.

.d8888b.                                             888 8888888b.  888888b.
d88P Y88b 888 888 'Y88b 888 '88b
Y88b. 888 888 888 888 .88P
'Y888b. 888 888 888d888 888d888 .d88b. 8888b. 888 888 888 8888888K.
'Y88b. 888 888 888P' 888P' d8P Y8b '88b 888 888 888 888 'Y88b
'888 888 888 888 888 88888888 .d888888 888 888 888 888 888
Y88b d88P Y88b 888 888 888 Y8b. 888 888 888 888 .d88P 888 d88P
'Y8888P' 'Y88888 888 888 'Y8888 'Y888888 888 8888888P' 8888888P'


SurrealDB command-line interface and server

To get started using SurrealDB, and for guides on connecting to and building applications
on top of SurrealDB, check out the SurrealDB documentation (https://surrealdb.com/docs).

If you have questions or ideas, join the SurrealDB community (https://surrealdb.com/community).

If you find a bug, submit an issue on Github (https://github.com/surrealdb/surrealdb/issues).

We would love it if you could star the repository (https://github.com/surrealdb/surrealdb).

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USAGE:
surreal [SUBCOMMAND]

OPTIONS:
-h, --help Print help information

SUBCOMMANDS:
start Start the database server
import Import a SQL script into an existing database
export Export an existing database into a SQL script
version Output the command-line tool version information
sql Start an SQL REPL in your terminal with pipe support
help Print this message or the help of the given subcommand(s)

For details on the different commands available, visit the CLI tool documentation.